Odysseus explains that he is the son of laertes, king of ithaca, who is attempting to travel home after battling in the trojan war. What are some good examples of hubris in books 912 of the. Book ix of the odyssey is called nekuia, which is an ancient greek rite used to summon and question ghosts. The men feel it was a foolish act because of the curse polyphemus placed on. Murray then odysseus, of many wiles, answered him, and said. There was a little confusion for me in the beginning around 320 330. That odysseus is willing to stab polyphemus, but remembers that doing so would prevent his and his crews ability to escape the cave shows. Mistakes are mine, not his, but we went over this translation pretty. Aiolos hosts them for a month, and then provides odysseus with a bag containing storm winds to help them sail. He starts by describing his homethe island of ithaka of courseand all of the surrounding islands. Odyssey book 9 part 1 fitzgerald excerpts duration.
They went away, and polyphemus heaved the boulder aside and spent the night by the open door, hoping wed be stupid enough to try to sneak past him. Odysseus finally reveals his identity to alkinoos and the phaiakians. Book 9 of the odyssey from polyphemuss point of view 796 words 2 pages joel schain period 2 32810 book 9. Dec 04, 2011 50 thoughts on week of 124 the odyssey book 9 nick k 4 december 5, 2011 at 3.
According to the ancient greek rules concerning hospitality, polyphemus ought to have made them welcome and given them food and shelter and even gifts. In thanks for the wine, polyphemus promised to eat him last and fell asleep, vomiting human flesh. Lord alcinous, renowned above all men, verily this is a good thing, to listen to a minstrel such as this man is, like unto the gods in voice. In it, odysseus tells his king alcinous all about his fantastic and unusual trip to the underworld in which he did just that.
Feb 04, 2018 actually, the best example is odysseus loss of his cool at the end of book 9, when he has triumphed over the cyclops and is sailing away. As he begins his narrative, he relates that the cyclopes are a. Book 9 of the odyssey from polyphemus s point of view 796 words 2 pages joel schain period 2 32810 book 9. Polyphemus remembered that a prophet once told him that he would be blinded by someone named odysseus and called out to his father poseidon to exact. The laestrygonians in book 10 are the giant type cannibals that eat the crew, but the cyclops in book 9 also eats people, as well as the monster scylla in book 12. Actually, the best example is odysseus loss of his cool at the end of book 9, when he has triumphed over the cyclops and is sailing away. The lotus eaters fit the archetype of the evil figure with ultimately good heart. This is shown when odysseus meets polyphemus and greets him with gifts, as it is a custom to show courtesy to hosts and guests alike, unexpected or not. A stage version 1993 at the close of the ninth book of the odyssey odysseus and the other survivors from polyphemus cave rejoin the rest of. In the eyes of polyphemus this morning was like any other day. As soon as polyphemus collapses with intoxication, odysseus and a select group of his men drive the redhot staff into his eye. So did circe, holding me just as warmly in her halls, the bewitching. The mountain like appearance of polyphemus according to homer odyssey book 9, 190 makes that sound plausible.
In book 9 of the odyssey, odysseus and his men blind polyphemus. Then from out the cave the mighty polyphemus answered them. Odysseus yelled out his name and took responsibility for blinding him. Archetypes in the odyssey king alcinous what is an archetype.
In book 9 of the odyssey, ulysses saves himself and his. Odysseus and his men got passed polyphemus by waiting for him to fall asleep. He devours two of odysseuss men on the spot and imprisons odysseus and the rest in his cave for future meals. The odyssey book 9 the cyclops lyrics in this passage, odysseus and his men have just escaped the land of the lotuseaters, where they given fruit. Odysseus wants to take his sword to polyphemus right then, but he knows that. For all of his stupidity and brutishness, polyphemus strikes some commentators as vaguely sympathetic at the end of book 9. The basic geographic orientation of the odyssey begins with troy, which was on the coast of the country known today as turkey. Odysseus and a few men were captured by one named polyphemus, and, after the giant killed and ate six of his men, odysseus used his cunning to escape. What kind of figurative language is this, and what is he saying about poseidons son. The men feel it was a foolish act because of the curse polyphemus placed on odysseus. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24 themes all themes fate, the gods, and free will piety, customs, and justice cunning, disguise, and selfrestraint memory and grief glory and honor. Because of the greek belief that guests are protected by the gods and had to be treated with great courtesy, odysseus warns the cyclops that zeus will avenge the unoffending guest. How hubris is shown by polyphemus in the odyssey next, polyphemus demonstrates hubris by believing that because he is a giant, he is unbeatable by anyone, even a god.
In book 9 of the odyssey, ulysses saves himself and his men by blinding polyphemus. All you could hear were your own thoughts, and the occasional chirp from a nearby bird. I took with me a goatskin filled with dark sweet wine that maron, son of euanthes, priest of apollo guardian god of ismarus, had given me, because. I took three semesters of homeric greek with the late anthony bolloch at berkeley, iliad 1, 6 and ody 1, 6, 9 not all of each book.
For nine days i was driven by fierce winds over the teeming sea. This, telemus eurymedes foretold the mighty seer who on these hills grew old. Created by an english teacher, this animation contains the complete story of the odyssey book 9 and provides the necessary information for any student to pass a test. In book 9 of homers odyssey, the title character tells about his adventures in the land of the cyclopes. Polyphemus hurled rocks after them and caused giant waves. Third, and most important, the cyclops polyphemus was the son of poseidon. Brown odysseus god gave us two eyes because were human. Back in the cave of the cyclops in the american journal of philology, vol. Which lines reflect the cyclopss disappointment at being defeated by guile and not by strength. Polyphemus returns then i ordered the rest of my loyal friends to stay there and guard the ship, while i selected the twelve best men and went forward. The men told odysseus to stop yelling because his voice was guiding the cyclops aim. Book 9 begins with odysseus telling of his raid on cicones and his loss of 72 men. For example, odysseus fits the archetype of the hero.
Book 9 of the odyssey from polyphemuss point of view essay. Book 9 of the odyssey from polyphemuss point of view bartleby. I am odysseus, son of laertes, who 20 am known among men for all manner of. To the right is a clip taken from a rendition of the odyssey done by the vancouver film school.
He proceeds to tell the phaeacians stories of his long and arduous journey since the fall of troy. Homer, odyssey book 9 theoi classical texts library. Find a summary of this and each chapter of the odyssey. The odyssey book 9 the cyclops lyrics in this passage, odysseus and his men have just escaped the land of the lotuseaters, where they given fruit causing the crew to forget about going home. Odysseuss narrative makes up books 9 through 12 of the odyssey. Athena pallas polyphemus the cyclops and king alcinous. After the encounter with polyphemus, odysseus and his crew reach the island of the wind god aiolos.
In book 9 of homers the odyssey, we learn more about his travels after the trojan war ended and why he still has not made. Because poseidon is god of the sea, offending him caused numerous delays in odysseus sea voyage home. Lord alcinous, most illustrious of men, it is a fine thing, in truth, to hear a bard such as this, with a godlike voice. It is also interesting, that nowhere homer mentions this very particular feature of polyphemus i. The cyclops, polyphemus, was a bad host to odysseus and his men. The caves inhabitant soon returnsit is the cyclops polyphemus, the son of poseidon. When polyphemus eats odysseuss men, arguing that he need not obey the gods. Polyphemus then calls on his father, poseidon, god of the sea, to avenge him. The odyssey books 912 summary and analysis gradesaver. I say myself there is nothing more delightful than when all the people feel this joy, and the banqueters sit in their rows, listening to the minstrel in the hall, tables in.
Polyphemus yelled that he would get vengeance from his father poseidon. When the cyclops polyphemus was his name came home that afternoon, he blotted out the light in the doorway. The poet invokes the muse to help him tell the story of odysseus. Homers epic poem the odyssey tells the story of odysseus, greek hero of the trojan war. Getting past him was the problem alright, but by morning id worked out a solution. Mar 24, 2012 created by an english teacher, this animation contains the complete story of the odyssey book 9 and provides the necessary information for any student to pass a test.
Then i shoved the beam underneath a deep bed of cinders, waiting for it to heat, and i spoke to all my companions in words of courage. Odysseus introduces himself and begins his story, starting with the moment his men leave troy. The odyssey book 9 lyrics ulysses declares himself and begins his storythe cicons, lotophagi, and cyclopes and ulysses answered, king alcinous, it is a good thing to hear a bard with such a. Polyphemus whose prayer for revenge was the origin of the.
Finally, he describes their exploration of the land of the cyclopesgiant, oneeyed monsterswhere they are trapped in a cave by the cyclops polyphemus, who eats two men at every meal. He cant stop himself from insulting polyphemus personally, for a reason ill mention, and worst of all, ins. There are many of these same archetypes found in the odyssey. Then he explains how he avoided disaster in the land of the lotus eaters. It portrays polyphemus who believes grover to be a female cyclopes. Odysseus tricked polyphemus by telling him his name was nobody, a name that would come in handy when he made his escape. Book 9 of the odyssey from polyphemuss point of view. Odysseus tell that after leaving troy, his crew landed at ismarus land of the cicones they sacked the place and destroyed the menfolk and the plunder was divided equally. Nobody is killing me, my friends, by treachery, not using any force.
I got up to see the sun rise, and then i went into the forest to find something to eat for breakfast. They sail off with his westerly wind at their backs. Why should odysseus be extra cautious in dealing with the cyclopes. The next four books books 912 deal with the heros wanderings and are the most widely known in the epic. How does odysseus show characteristics of an epic hero. Insight book 9 of the odyssey in the cyclops perspective. But his pride in his name foreshadows odysseus questionable judgment in identifying himself during the escape from polyphemus. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. After leaving troy, odysseus and his men sail to ismarus, which they attack and plunder. Polyphemus makes a show of hospitality at first, but he soon turns hostile. Emotional ambivalence in odyssey 9 and 17 in the classical world, vol. We learn that poseidon, god of the sea, holds a grudge though we dont know exactly why against odysseus and is making the guys voyage home a pretty difficult one. Odysseus offered polyphemus his strong wine, and polyphemus drank three bowls.
In book seven odysseus is welcomed by king alcinous into his palace and is asked to tell the story of how he arrived on the island of the phaecians. In book 9 of the odyssey, why does poseidon curse odysseus. Chapter summary for homers the odyssey, book 9 summary. Odysseus does not discuss, at this point, why he was blown off course and unable to return directly to ithaca.
Usually, when mythic heroes undertake the dangerous voyage to the underworld, its for the. As he begins his narrative, he relates that the cyclopes are a lawless people, which should. Nov 16, 2009 polyphemus is most responsible for the deaths of odysseus men in book 9 of the odyssey. Homer odyssey book 9 odysseus and the cyclops polyphemus. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the odyssey and what it means. Soon after polyphemus finds odysseus and his men he begins to eat two of odysseus men, gaping and crunching like a mountain lion9. When polyphemus returns, odysseus gets him drunk on wine that he brought along from the ship. As the giant became drunk, odysseus mentioned that his own name was nobody.
My friends, it is noman that is slaying me by guile and not by force. The odyssey book 9 archetypes by sophia gonzalez on prezi. The odyssey by homer book 9 summary and analysis youtube. Thomas english 10 2 october 20 odyssey book 9 lines 288630 c. They point to the pitiful prayer that he offers to his father, poseidon, and his warm treatment of his beloved sheep, who are soon to be devoured by odysseus and his men. He cant stop himself from insulting polyphemus personally, for a reason ill mention, and worst of all, insults his father poseidon too, and adds many troubles to his voyage thereby. What is an epic simile from book 9 of the odyssey answers.579 953 750 934 1051 1477 1083 1113 1262 1441 956 319 487 1188 99 1014 1449 1385 882 1277 883 74 1349 560 71 1472 72 545 52 74 269 1128 560 330